A dog’s miscarriage is an incident that no one wants. This can have unfortunate consequences for both owner and dog. During breeding, infertility can occur in both male and female dogs. One of the causes is the Brucella Canis bacteria that causes dogs to have miscarriages, stillbirths and infertility in dogs. Infertility is a very difficult disease to treat, moreover, infertile dogs do not have any obvious symptoms or signs.
Symptoms and signs of dog infertility
- Acute form: Often seen with swollen inguinal lymph nodes and submandibular crane, rarely fever. The male dog’s testicles initially swelled unusually large. Then gradually shrink and then completely shrink, losing the ability to produce sperm or inactive sperm. Bacteria enter the bloodstream, are excreted through urine and internal organs, causing miscarriage and destroying sperm cells.
- Chronic form: The bacteria do not cause illness but can be transmitted to other dogs. Through vaginal secretions and semen. Or through urine excretion when marking the road, attracting mates. Another dog sniffs and licks it.
Note: Quite a few cases of infertile dogs in both males and females do not have any symptoms. Dogs with frequent miscarriages and loss of fertility are suspected signs of infection.
Diagnosis and treatment of infertility in dogs
The disease is mainly transmitted through sexual intercourse, when male dogs lick female dogs’ vaginal secretions. Dog breeders should be careful to have their dogs tested when they see a series of miscarriages when mated with the same sire. Because males can carry the bacteria throughout their lives without showing any symptoms of the disease.
The most common method of determination today is serological reaction testing. Culturing and isolating bacteria taken from vaginal secretions and tissue during miscarriage also has diagnostic value.
Infertility is very difficult to treat completely because the disease can still carry germs. Using antibiotics Doxycycline, Streptomycin, Rifampin intramuscularly or orally within 3 weeks can cure 80%. But after that, both female and male dogs should be sterilized. All types of treatment and post-treatment medications require advice from veterinarians.
Symptoms and signs of dog miscarriage
If your dog has a miscarriage, she will have abnormal vaginal bleeding. This can be seen very clearly. Bleeding may or may not occur with the fetus. The most common cause of spontaneous miscarriage is hormonal imbalance that causes fetal death.
In cases where dogs are required to have birth control injections or abortions, they will also bleed after surgery. Dogs need to be closely monitored to immediately detect unusual signs.
In case your dog experiences unusual complications, you must immediately take them to a veterinarian for timely emergency treatment.
Causes of miscarriage in dogs
The most common cause of this phenomenon is that the dog is infected with B. Canis bacteria. This type of bacteria is easy to find in places where dogs are kept. Because they can be transmitted easily when they are in the same cage.
This disease causes both stillbirth and infertility in dogs. The most characteristic symptom is prolonged vaginal discharge. Sometimes there may be complications such as arthritis (joints) and eye inflammation (uveitis).
Dogs have miscarriages due to fungal infections. Often causes excessive bleeding in the uterus and possibly stillbirth. Hormonal imbalance in the mother dog can cause miscarriage. Due to infection with Neospora Caninum – a parasite commonly found in dogs. Transmitted when dogs drink contaminated water, eat feces containing parasites or infected animal meat.
What to do when a dog has a miscarriage
Veterinarians first need to determine the cause of the miscarriage. Current standard blood tests can detect B. Canis bacteria or other parasites.
During a miscarriage, the uterus will contract to push the fetus out. But in the uterus, part of the fetus will still remain, such as placental tissue. In some cases, the fetus even dies, leading to infection or internal bleeding.
Veterinarians can effectively use ultrasound to detect fetal status. And have timely surgery to avoid bad situations. In the event that your dog must be aborted, you should seek professional medical advice. To ensure risks and side effects are controlled.
Prevent dogs from miscarriage and infertility due to infection
Dogs raised for breeding should have their serum tested before deciding to use them for breeding. Then periodically retest 1 or 2 times a year. Test results must be negative for Brucella Canis bacteria.
Sterilize dogs with cured disease and dogs that have not yet had the disease but are not intended for breeding. Although rare, Brucella Canis can still infect humans. Therefore, it is very important to clean and disinfect your hands and wear protective rubber gloves when coming into contact with mating dogs or having miscarriages.
When deciding to import a precious breed from abroad, you should ask the dog seller to have a negative blood test for Brucella Canis. In many cases, dogs imported from abroad are infected with diseases, and their owners believe that they have been injected with sterilization drugs. But the real cause is that dogs are infected with this disease during transportation.