Causes and treatments for male dogs with balanitis. Male dogs with foreskin inflammation show signs of green pus discharge from the penis. At first glance, you might think this is a normal symptom of a male dog. But hidden behind the discharge of pus at the tip of the penis is the extremely unpleasant disease of balanitis in dogs. Any disease a dog has will suffer. Balanitis can occur in dogs of all ages. Pet Mart’s article below will help you better understand this dog condition.
What is balanitis in male dogs?
The dog’s penis and foreskin (Penis and Prepuce) include tissue and organizational units surrounding the penis and foreskin that are infected. There are also many causes for this situation.
Male dogs will feel extremely uncomfortable. Their action is to use their tongue to clean and lick the penis. This cannot prevent the development of the disease. They even feel a lot more itchy and uncomfortable.
What causes male dogs to get foreskin inflammation?
- Viral infections (including STIs).
- Fungal infections.
- Chemical agitation.
- Physical trauma.
- Atopic dermatitis.
- It may be due to tearing or breaking of the thin membrane inside.
Male dogs have balanitis caused by opportunistic bacteria
The most common cause of balanitis in male dogs is a bacterial infection. Bacteria in your dog’s environment, whether inside or outside the home, can find their way into their genitals. It can even happen when the dog is licking himself for hygiene purposes. If they have bacteria on their mouth, perhaps from eating something unhygienic, they can transfer it to their genital area. The main types of bacteria that cause disease are:
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
- Streptococcus pyogenes
- Staphulococcus aureus
- Klebsiella sp.
These bacteria are naturally present in your dog’s foreskin but when given the opportunity, they reproduce and cause problems. Therefore, they are called opportunistic bacteria. Other microorganisms commonly associated with balanoposthitis in dogs are Mycoplasma. Ureaplasma species may also be involved, although this is less common.
Male dogs have foreskin inflammation due to mating
The disease is transmitted during mating or infection in dogs. Especially in dogs that have not been properly vaccinated. Herpes virus is one of the most common STDs in dogs. The resulting infection can lead to penile inflammation.
Symptoms of dog foreskin inflammation
The most common sign of balanitis in a male dog is the appearance of pus on the dog’s penis. Depending on the type of infection, pus can be different colors. Can be yellow or green. In addition, there are many other manifestations:
- Inflammation of the penis.
- Excessive licking of genitals.
- Purulent secretion from the penis.
- Blood secretion from the penis.
- Abnormal growth on the penis.
- Difficulty urinating.
There may be a foul odor coming from the genital area. But this will not be as noticeable as the symptoms mentioned above. Bacterial infections can become acute if not treated. That’s why it’s important to take your dog to the vet every time symptoms appear.
Male dogs with foreskin inflammation are very dangerous
Dogs with balanitis may have an infection. If the infection is only mild, treatment is very easy. You can wash hydrogen peroxide for 1 week, apply antibiotic ointment and clean regularly. However, if it is severe, the dog will feel uncomfortable, tired and have sharp pain when urinating. In all cases of suspected infection, you should seek veterinary assistance.
The condition becomes more serious when irritation and dryness appear on the surface of the penis after the penis protrudes for several minutes to several hours. And then contact with environmental surfaces such as the ground, carpet… In addition, edema (swelling) will occur due to restriction of blood flow back from the tip of the penis. This further prevents the glans from retracting and restricts the proper flow of urine through the urethra. Leads to bladder enlargement and discomfort.
An external factor trapped in the foreskin can cause tears. Or it could be the result of an underlying tumor around that area. In the case of phimosis in puppies, it is not really serious. It can directly affect the reproduction and sexual ability of pets. However, if the dog’s body is large enough, phimosis is harmful. It will lead to many consequences later. Always check and pay attention to the ability of the penis to “stick out” when erect.
Diagnosing dogs with foreskin inflammation
The veterinarian will first request a physical examination of the dog’s genitals. They will usually not need to perform other diagnostic tests unless another condition is suspected.
The dog’s penis is self-lubricating. This means it produces a secretion that is used for lubrication. The secretions can mix with dead skin cells to form something called smegma.
How to treat balanitis in dogs
In all cases, you should keep the dog’s hair cleanly trimmed at the tip of the penis sheath. Monitoring the time for the reappearance of opaque yellow-green pus will help a lot in diagnosis and treatment. This is a relatively difficult disease to treat. Be careful with all your medications and treatments for your dog. It’s best to take them to a veterinarian for examination and the best treatment.
Antibiotics may be used in severe infections. They can be taken orally or can even be used in antibiotic ointments on the penis. Every day, combine dog care and hygiene regularly. Especially the penis area. During estrus, collisions can occur that cause damage to the dog’s genital area. Make sure that during this time you can control their behavior.
Or if you don’t keep dogs for breeding purposes, you can have them sterilized. This helps your dog stay healthy and greatly reduces the risk of disease. Especially foreskin inflammation.
Hope the above article is useful to you. Try to take care of and pay attention to your pet as much as possible. Avoid situations where your dog is sick without knowing it. Wishing you and your dog good health.