Did you know some diseases are transmitted from cats to humans? And can cats transmit diseases to humans? Although this rate is not high, there are many diseases that are quite dangerous. Cat owners need to be vigilant and take precautions. Avoid unfortunate situations from happening.
Can cats transmit diseases to humans?
Did you know: every year many people die from diseases transmitted by feral cats? Feral cats are cats that live on the streets. They may be cats that breed in the wild. Or cats are abandoned by humans. The number of feral cats increases with the number of cats worldwide.
Feral cats are often not vaccinated, so many carry dangerous diseases. So can cats transmit diseases to humans? The disease can be transmitted to domestic cats and humans. Therefore, disease prevention in feral cats is very important.
Feral cats pose many infectious and parasitic diseases to humans. In particular, the rapid reproduction rate causes the number of feral cats to increase.
Currently in the United States, feral cat control is being applied using the TNR program. This is a program that includes sterilization combined with vaccination to prevent common diseases in cats.
Plus, parasite and flea removal for the cat community. This control measure is quite complicated but thorough, and should be put into practice in our country to protect public health.
Rabies is the disease with the highest rate of transmission from cats to humans
How is rabies transmitted?
The instinct of wild cats is to find ways to hide or escape from humans. That’s why when caught, they will resist and often bite the hand of the person approaching. These wounds can be a route for rabies or infection.
Rabid cats are extremely dangerous, to both humans and other animals. Usually happens to cats that have not been vaccinated against rabies annually and cats that move freely in the environment. And wild animals such as dogs, rats, foxes, weasels, buffaloes, cows… Newly adopted cats of unknown origin.
Can cats transmit diseases to humans? The disease is transmitted from cats to humans through scratches, bites, or close contact with sick animals. The rabies virus enters the human body from cat saliva. The incubation period is quite long: from 10 days to 120 days. It even took 6 months to get sick. The risk of death is very high if bitten by a rabid cat without vaccination.
Be careful when interacting with feral cats
When coming into contact with stray cats, can cats transmit diseases to humans? The answer is yes. Therefore, it is necessary to vaccinate against rabies for employees working with stray animals. People who frequently come into contact with cats should wear long gloves when handling them. To reduce exposure to skin diseases and other diseases.
Always wear masks and other equipment to avoid direct contact. Use a trap with a divided comb: one side for cats, one clean side for food and water.
When veterinary care is needed, use a dividing comb to restrain the cat lying on one end of the trap and then anesthetize it. Deep wounds on the hands need to be cleaned and given first aid. Then prophylactic treatment with Amoxicillin, Aclavulanate.
The disease is transmitted from cats to humans by skin parasites
Common types of parasites in cats include ticks, lice, scabies, fleas… Parasites cause discomfort for cats, sometimes transmitting skin diseases and many other diseases. The disease is transmitted from cats to humans when the parasite bites and bites causing allergies and itching on the human skin.
Cat fungus, especially Ringworm, is very contagious to humans, causing red circles on the skin. Inflammation and itching spread to many parts of the body. Cats itch and scratch continuously… need to check for scabies, lice or fungus. Cat fungus disease, skin ulcers, hair loss. The disease transmitted from cats to humans is manifested as red, itchy circular spots on human skin.
The disease is transmitted from cats to humans due to parasites in the body
Due to worms
Types of parasites in the body that cause disease in cats include Amoeba, Trichomonas, Coccidia, Giardia… Especially Toxoplasma causes diarrhea and intestinal tract in cats. Parasites are often excreted in cat feces and transmitted to other animals.
Although rare, it can be dangerous for pregnant women. Because Toxoplasma can be transmitted from mother to fetus, causing miscarriage.
In addition, helminths are also parasites that can be transmitted from cats to humans. Special attention should be paid when exposed. Especially with sick cats.
You can prevent diseases in domestic cats by keeping the cat’s living space clean. Limit cats from going to dirty, unsanitary places. Do not let your cat defecate indiscriminately.
Due to fleas, ticks, and fungus
Due to raising and care conditions, the rate of stray cats suffering from parasites is always much higher than that of domestic cats. Common parasites in cats are ticks, lice, fleas, worms… Parasites in feral cats can be transmitted to domestic cats and to humans.
Controlling worms in cats is less effective because cats are often exposed to wild environments. Deworm kittens by mixing medicine into food. Deworming helps limit anemia, diarrhea, and weight loss in kittens.
For fleas, apply spraying or rectal medication (Nitenpyram). Do not use Acermectin for small cats because it causes neurological side effects. OTIC preparations containing milbemycin or invermectin are good for cats.
Leukemia (FELV) and immunodeficiency (FIV)
Immunodeficiency syndrome (FIV) has a different incidence depending on gender. The disease incidence in male cats is 4 times higher than in female cats. Can cats transmit diseases to humans? The disease is transmitted through bites during mating. Feline leukemia (Felv) is often transmitted from mother cat to her kittens. Male and female transmission rates are equivalent.
The infection rate of these two diseases in feral cats is equivalent to that of domestic cats. These are diseases with a very high mortality rate if not treated. Infected cats often die after a few months, and there is no vaccine to prevent the disease.
Vaccination can be applied to rabies, feline panleukopenia virus (FPV), feline herpesvirus (FHV) and calici virus (FCV: causes respiratory disease). These diseases have a very high mortality rate in both cats and humans.
Vaccinate rabies vaccines for cats 3 months of age and older. You should choose a vaccine with an immunity duration of 3-4 years. So can cats transmit diseases to humans after being vaccinated? The rate is low or equal to 0. For the remaining diseases, after 10 weeks of vaccination, the immune effectiveness is also very high.
Important recommendations for cat owners
- Pregnant women and young children should not be exposed to cat waste: hair, feces, urine. Strictly manage and clean the cat’s toilet tray.
- Immediately wash with soap any bites or scratches caused by cat scratches or bites.
- In case the cat bites from an unknown source, or has not been vaccinated, or has come into contact with wild animals, it is necessary to seek medical examination for rabies vaccination immediately.
- Cats with skin ulcers, hair loss, and itching need to be taken to the doctor for early treatment. If you want to know if cats can transmit diseases to humans, they need to be isolated from humans if they have Ringworm fungus.